Free Downloads! 

Click here!
(membership required)

Not a member?
Signup (It's free)

Entries in Montessori and science (5)


How Many Teeth?

Does anyone know how many primary teeth a child has and how many permanent teeth an adult has? This activity, contributed at the 2012 PNMA Sharing Fair, is a great way to find out, using the Montessori Golden Beads! 


Below is a worksheet that can be used in conjunction with this exercise. Download the full-sized version (by clicking "free downloads" on UMA sidebar on the right), laminate the sheet onto sturdy cardstock, and then provide a dry-erase marker for tracing the dotted letters.

Another great idea...




Science Theme: Fruit, Vegetable and Herb Garden

Shana McCarty-Ebler, UMA student from Colorado Springs, CO, shares with us her Original Science Project, which incorporates all areas of learning in the classroom.

"My science theme is a “Fruit and Vegetable Garden”.  I have attached a few photos of a “Vegetable Seed, 3-D, Three Part Card” work that I had made at the beginning of "the Original Project Section" and had chosen to save for use with a science curriculum. (See above and below - Matching Seeds to Vegetables)

 We will work together to plant a garden with vegetables and herbs and tend to some already established raspberry bushes and two apple trees.  We will have a composter outside that we will add to and tend to and turn over with lots of red-wiggler worms."

Fruit, Vegetable and Herb Garden

Practical Life

  • Till the garden and turn some compost into the soil throughout the plot
  • Plant the seeds for lettuce, spinach, carrots, cucumbers, zucchini and yellow squash, radishes, pole beans, sugar snap peas, corn, and pumpkins.  We will put in tomato and pepper plants that have already been started.  We will also put in plants for the herbs – parsley, sage, rosemary, thyme, sweet basil and lemon basil.  We will start the chives from seeds
  • Watering and weeding the garden and the fruit bushes and trees will be part of our daily activities
  • Pouring popcorn, pouring beans
  • Transferring dried peas with tweezers
  • Seed sorting
  • Soil transfer from one terra-cotta pot to another with a small garden shovel
  • Water pouring with a small watering can and a bucket
  • Slicing and serving zucchini, celery, apples and pears – save scraps for the compost in a separate bucket
  • Peeling  carrots for the compost bucket – put all of the peelings into the compost bucket
  • Shredding newspaper by hand for the compost bucket
  • The compost bucket is an ongoing project that we will add to the composter barrel outside each day


  • Seed matching
  • Fruit and vegetable mystery bag
  • Tasting fruits and vegetables – may use a blindfold
  • Smelling and feeling herbs
  • Colored fruit and vegetable pictures for sorting into a color wheel


  • Fruit, vegetable and herb – 3-part cards with their names and pictures
  • Seed - 3-D, 3-part card work (see attached picture)
  • Fruit and vegetable worksheets with dotted names for writing
  • Garden tool worksheet with dotted name for writing
  • Herb, vegetable and fruit booklets with dotted names for writing and pictures to color
  • Books to read at circle and to have out for reading – “And the Good Brown Earth” by Kathy Henderson; “Compost Stew – An A to Z Recipe for the Earth” by Mary McKenna Siddals; “Gardening with Kids” by Catherine Woran; “How Does Your Garden Grow? – Great Gardening for Green Fingered Kids” by Clive Nichols; “Grimy, Grubby Gardening – Kentucky Kids Dig It!” by Karen Angelucci


  • Seed counters with # 1- 10 and large seeds like pumpkin or beans
  • Calendar recording for seedling growth – measuring with a ruler
  • Matching memory game with quantity fruit and vegetable pictures with written numbers
  • Old hose cut into gradation lengths similar to the red rods, but shorter
  • Seed gradation work with seeds from very tiny - big and fat


  • Compost bin with red-wiggler worms
  • Helpful garden insects verses harmful ones
  • Bug boxes for studying different bugs found in the garden
  • Fruit and vegetable chart with nutritional qualities
  • Parts of the plant booklets
  • Books on how plants grow
  • Growing seasons for differing climates


  • Varying fruit, vegetable and herb plants found around the world in different regions and cultures
  • Differing gardening and growing practices from different parts of the world


  • Picture collage with cut out pictures from gardening and cooking magazines using scissors and glue
  • Seed and glue collage with water color painting
  • Print paintings made with print blocks made out of potatoes and apples with acrylic paints
  • Make garden stepping stones with colorful tile pieces and plaster in pie tins
  • Make vegetable and herb marking stakes for the garden with laminated artwork with veggie and herb names and glued onto a large popsicle stick
  • Make Scarecrows for the garden
  • Make wind socks from fabric scraps, ribbons, string and cut rings from used plastic plant pots and sticks for stakes


  • Make shaker instruments from small recycleables such as yogurt containers and toilet paper cardboard and seeds and beans
  • Make drums with various sized terra-cotta pots and sticks
  • Learn and sing songs like: Pete Seeger’s “Garden Song”; “Hot Corn, Cold Corn” from Jerry Garcia’s and David Grisman’s Not for Kids Only; and “Little Seed” from Woody Guthrie’s Grow Big Songs

Beautiful work, Shana. Thank you for sharing.


Science-Botany Experiment

UMA's Jennifer Bailey (Silverdale, WA) shares an idea for the Science area of the classroom: 

"We are doing a spring botany unit and are discussing the needs of plants. We have an experiment going to see what happens when plants don't get what they need...

1. The first plant is the control getting both sun and water (L=sun, R=raindrop)
2. The next gets sun but no water (L=sun, R=slash-marked raindrop)

There are two plants under the boxes:

3. One gets water (L=slash-marked sun, R=raindrop)
4. The other does not (L=slash-marked sun, R=slash-marked raindrop)

We check them every couple of days and we're talking about the results that we are seeing." 

Great idea...thanks, Jennifer!


Take a Good Look - Science

Just a couple of interesting activities to put on your Science Table... (Photos taken at the 2011 Seattle PNMA Montessori Spring Sharing Fair.)

Looking at nature through a magnifying glass!

Classifying "living" and "non-living"


The Spider Web

Aaack - It's an arachnid!
The direct aim of this exercise is to introduce children to the different types of webs as enrichment to the spider unit. The indirect aim is to pique an interest in zoology, habitats of living things, and ecology.

Types of Webs: Funnel, Sheet, and Orb.
Notice the two-step cards in the photo below on the right (click to enlarge). The child can connect the dots and make their own spider web.


Template for the connect-the-dots spider web.
(As shown above)


Sorting cards with pictures of the three different kinds of webs and title labels.
Suggestion: have 2-5 clear pictures of each kind of web and mount each picture on a different color paper to provide a control of error.


A spider web peg board with a transparent string attached to create webs.


From the 2010 PNMA Sharing Fair in Seattle, Washington USA, by Ms. Riddhi